Where is the stratosphere in the atmosphere?

Asked by: Prof. Clovis Mills MD
Score: 4.3/5 (26 votes)

The stratosphere starts just above the troposphere and extends to 50 kilometers (31 miles) high. The ozone layer, which absorbs and scatters the solar ultraviolet radiation, is in this layer. The thermosphere starts just above the mesosphere

The mesosphere lies between the thermosphere and the stratosphere. “Meso” means middle, and this is the highest layer of the atmosphere in which the gases are all mixed up rather than being layered by their mass. The mesosphere is 22 miles (35 kilometers) thick.
https://spaceplace.nasa.gov › mesosphere
and extends to 600 kilometers (372 miles) high.

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Likewise, What layer of the atmosphere is the stratosphere?

The stratosphere is a layer of Earth's atmosphere. It is the second layer of the atmosphere as you go upward. The troposphere, the lowest layer, is right below the stratosphere. The next higher layer above the stratosphere is the mesosphere.

Similarly one may ask, Is the stratosphere the highest part of the atmosphere?. The stratosphere is nearly cloud- and weather-free, but polar stratospheric clouds are sometimes present in its lowest, coldest altitudes. It's also the highest part of the atmosphere that jet planes can reach.

Also asked, How much of the atmosphere is stratosphere?

Diagram showing the five primary layers of the Earth's atmosphere: exosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere. The layers are to scale. From Earth's surface to the top of the stratosphere (50 km) is just under 1% of Earth's radius.

What is stratosphere and mesosphere?

The mesosphere is a layer of Earth's atmosphere. The mesosphere is directly above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. It extends from about 50 to 85 km (31 to 53 miles) above our planet. ... At the bottom of the mesosphere is the stratopause, the boundary between the mesosphere and the stratosphere below.

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Why can't planes fly in the mesosphere?

In short we can say it is very cold,the air in the mesosphere is very thin and it is the highest layer and very far away from our planet hence it is very difficult to survive in this layer. We conclude that planes cannot fly in the mesosphere.

What are the 7 layers of earth?

If we subdivide the Earth based on rheology, we see the lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere, outer core, and inner core. However, if we differentiate the layers based on chemical variations, we lump the layers into crust, mantle, outer core, and inner core.

Do planes fly in the ozone layer?

Planes fly in the second layer of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. The stratosphere is the second layer of the atmosphere and the one where the ozone layer is formed and where the planes fly in. The temperatures in the stratosphere are inverse to those in the troposphere, meaning they rise with altitude.

Which is the hottest layer of atmosphere?

The thermosphere is often considered the "hot layer" because it contains the warmest temperatures in the atmosphere. Temperature increases with height until the estimated top of the thermosphere at 500 km. Temperatures can reach as high as 2000 K or 1727 ºC in this layer (Wallace and Hobbs 24).

Can you breathe in the stratosphere?

The stratosphere is not a good place to be. First, the ozone in the stratosphere, which protects us from biologically destructive solar ultraviolet light, exists at such high levels that the air itself is toxic. Second, even this toxic air is much too thin for normal breathing.

What is the coldest layer of the atmosphere?

Mesosphere, coldest layer of Earth's atmosphere.

Why is stratosphere ideal for air traffic?

The stratosphere is free from water vapour and dust particles. Absence of clouds and any other factors which may contribute to turbulence in the air makes it a perfect layer for flying jet aircrafts.

What accounts for the absence of water in stratosphere?

Increased surface temperatures, such as from the addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, leads to increased humidity in the stratosphere.

Can birds fly in the stratosphere?

The stratosphere contains roughly 20 percent of the atmosphere's mass. Because bacterial life can survive in the stratosphere, this layer of the atmosphere belongs to the biosphere. Some species of birds have even been reported to fly in the lower levels of the stratosphere.

How far up is the atmosphere?

Earth's atmosphere stretches from the surface of the planet up to as far as 10,000 kilometers (6,214 miles) above. After that, the atmosphere blends into space.

Where does the Earth's atmosphere end?

The final layer of the atmosphere, the enormous exosphere, continues until around 6,700 miles (10,000 km) above the surface of our planet (and some say even further). At that point, the moon is still hundreds of thousands of miles away.

Which is the most thinnest layer?

*Inner core

It is the thinnest layer of the Earth. *The crust is 5-35km thick beneath the land and 1-8km thick beneath the oceans.

Which is hotter thermosphere or exosphere?

The thermosphere is directly above the mesosphere and below the exosphere. ... The thermosphere is typically about 200° C (360° F) hotter in the daytime than at night, and roughly 500° C (900° F) hotter when the Sun is very active than at other times.

What is 80% of the atmosphere?

Troposphere. The troposphere is the atmospheric layer closest to the planet and contains the largest percentage (around 80%) of the mass of the total atmosphere. Temperature and water vapor content in the troposphere decrease rapidly with altitude.

Do planes destroy the ozone layer?

Yes, high flying jets can damage the ozone layer, but the consensus of opinion is that at present this damage is trivial and nothing to worry about.

What's the highest a plane can fly?

Most commercial aircraft are approved to fly at a maximum of around 42,000 feet. This maximum is also known as a 'service ceiling. ' For example, for the double-decker Airbus A380 'superjumbo' quadjet, this ceiling is 43,000 feet. Meanwhile, for the Boeing 787-8 and -9 'Dreamliner,' it is 43,100 feet.

What happens if a plane goes too high?

When the plane gets too high, there is insufficient oxygen to fuel the engines. "The air is less dense at altitude, so the engine can suck in less and less air per second as it goes higher and at some point the engine can no longer develop sufficient power to climb." ...

How hot is the mantle?

The temperature of the mantle varies greatly, from 1000° Celsius (1832° Fahrenheit) near its boundary with the crust, to 3700° Celsius (6692° Fahrenheit) near its boundary with the core. In the mantle, heat and pressure generally increase with depth. The geothermal gradient is a measurement of this increase.

How old is the Earth?

Earth is estimated to be 4.54 billion years old, plus or minus about 50 million years. Scientists have scoured the Earth searching for the oldest rocks to radiometrically date. In northwestern Canada, they discovered rocks about 4.03 billion years old.