How was imperialism rationalized and were the rationales justified?

Asked by: Prof. Bernie Raynor
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Americans justified imperialistic behavior by: Claiming that it was their responsibility. Americans and Europeans both claimed that it was their responsibility as superior races to uplift, civilize and Christianize native peoples. This was known as the White Mans Burden

White Mans Burden
"The White Man's Burden" (1899), by Rudyard Kipling, is a poem about the Philippine–American War (1899–1902), which exhorts the United States to assume colonial control of the Filipino people and their country.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › The_White_Man's_Burden
and was based upon the ideas of social Darwinism.

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Similarly, What were the justifications for imperialism?

The main justifications were evangelization, pursuit of the civilizing mission, racial superiority, trusteeship and development, and internal demographic and economic pressures.

Furthermore, What is a rationale of imperialism?. 6.1 Rationales for Imperialism

Social Darwinists believed that people and countries were more or less successful based on their biological qualities. ... Social Darwinism also encouraged imperialism, as nations wanted to prove that they were the fittest by taking over other places.

In this manner, What are the 3 main reasons for imperialism?

Three factors fueled American Imperialism.
  • Economic competition among industrial nations.
  • Political and military competition, including the creation of a strong naval force.
  • A belief in the racial and cultural superiority of people of Anglo-Saxon descent.


What are 3 effects of imperialism?

Three effects that European imperialism had on Africa included a more structured political system with an organized government, the development of industrial technology and the idea of nationalism, which led to wars and revolutions later on.

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What are 4 reasons for imperialism?

Four reasons for imperialism are money, national pride, racism, and religion. Europeans wanted colonies to provide raw materials for their factories and to sell their goods in the new colonies.

What were the political reasons for imperialism?

POLITICAL motives were based on a nation's desire to gain power, to compete with other European countries, to expand territory, to exercise military force, to gain prestige by winning colonies, and to boost national pride and security.

What were the main causes of imperialism?

Imperialism results from a complex of causes in which in varying degrees economic pressures, human aggressiveness and greed, the search for security, the drive for power and prestige, nationalist emotions, humanitarianism, and many other factors are effective.

What were causes and effects of imperialism?

Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens.

Which continent was most affected by imperialism?

As a result, colonial pow- ers seized vast areas of Africa during the 19th and early 20th centuries. This seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country is called imperialism. As occurred throughout most of Africa, stronger countries dominated the political, economic, and social life of the weaker countries.

What are the positive and negative effects of imperialism?

Imperialism led to further protection of human rights for indigenous people. Although imperialism led to other good results, it also caused many negative situations and events such as slavery. Because of early contact with Europeans and Africans, there are now cultures such as; African-American.

What were the 3 types of imperialism?

What are three types of imperialism? The three types of imperialism are colonies, protectorates, and spheres of influence.

What were the impacts of imperialism?

Imperialism impacted societies in countless negative ways. It led to slave trade which then led to social discrimination around the world. It also damaged the cultures and created disunity among the natives. Last but not least, imperialism stripped countries off their natural resources and left nothing for the natives.

Did imperialism in Africa have more positive or negative effects?

Politically, imperialism in Africa has generally had a positive effect, providing models (infrastructure) for government that would continue even after the African nations began to govern themselves.

What positive effects did new imperialism have?

There were new crops; tools and farming methods, which helped, increase food production. These changes meant less death to smaller colonies, and overall improve the state of living. They now could live longer and have better sanitation compared to the earlier imperialism.

What were the positive effects of colonization?

As a result of colonialism, there was the establishment of education in many African countries which positively developed African continent. Besides, it enhanced unity among various tribes in African nations making them jointly work together in building their country.

What is the strongest form of imperialism?

A colony is the most direct form of control. In this form of imperialism, a powerful nation installs its own government and maintains direct control over other territories and regions.

Which countries benefited the most from imperialism?

European colonial powers benefited most from imperialism. These included: Spain, Portugal, France, Britain, Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands. ...

What are 3 examples of imperialism?

While the specifics of imperialism vary the history of world powers is the history of imperialism: from the Roman Empire to the Ottoman Empire, European colonial powers, Japan, the United States, and the USSR.

Which identify negative effects of new imperialism?

Imperialism adversely affected the colonies. Under foreign rule, native culture and industry were destroyed. Imported goods wiped out local craft industries. By using colonies as sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods, colonial powers held back the colonies from developing industries.

What was the most common negative effect of imperialism?

The most common negative effect of Imperialism on Asian nations is the lost of control and independence of the natives. When there was an expansion of the population, it resulted in famine and cash-crops displaced food crops and this led to the death of the natives due to new diseases such as smallpox….

Why did America become imperialist?

In the late nineteenth century, the United States abandoned its century-long commitment to isolationism and became an imperial power. ... Both a desire for new markets for its industrial products and a belief in the racial and cultural superiority of Americans motivated the United States' imperial mission.

What were the negative effects of imperialism in Africa?

There were several negatives of colonialism for the Africans like resource depletion, labor exploitation, unfair taxation, lack of industrialization, dependence on cash crop economy, prohibition of trade, the breaking up of traditional African society and values, lack of political development, and ethnic rivals inside ...

Did American imperialism have a positive or negative impact?

This major Imperialism occurred during the late 19th Century and early 20th century. It had more negative effects in the modern world today then positive effects. A positive effect is seen in document one called "Modern Progressive Nations," it shows how the larger nations gave to the smaller colonies.

What caused imperialism in China?

The primary motive of British imperialism in China in the nineteenth century was economic. There was a high demand for Chinese tea, silk and porcelain in the British market. ... The subsequent exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a generation of addicts and social instability.